NSA Spying on Americans is Illegal
Eavesdropping 101: What Can the NSA Do?
Telephone Records Database
Has Massive Database of Americans' Phone Calls," USA Today, May 11,
of President Bush's statement on NSA domestic telephone database,
May 11, 2006.
Letter from 50
House Members To President Bush on domestic telephone records database,
May 11, 2006. (PDF)
Statement from BellSouth (not yet available)
Statement from attorney of
former Qwest CEO Joseph P. Nacchio
Outs NSA Spy Room," Wired News, April
Frontier Foundation page on lawsuit against AT&T,
filed Jan. 31, 2006.
Legal Challenges and Analysis
Rights Groups Ask Courts to End Domestic Spying," Reuters, March 9,
Lawyer Rips Case for Spying," Washington Post, March
Research Service report questioning legality of Bush Administration's
notification to Congress of NSA spying, January 18, 2006 (pdf)
Agency Questions Legality of Wiretaps," Washington
Post, January 19, 2006.
Groups Planning to Sue Over Federal Eavesdropping," New
York Times, January 17, 2006.
to Congress from former government officials and law professors
on NSA spying, January 9, 2006 (pdf)
report questions legality of eavesdropping, " Knight Ridder,
January 6, 2006
Morton Halperin, "A
Legal Analysis of the NSA Warrantless Surveillance Program,"
January 6, 2006.
Rebuts Bush on Spying," Washington Post, January 6, 2006
Research Service report finding lack of legal grounding for NSA spying,
January 5, 2006 (pdf)
Lawyers in Terror Cases Plan Challenges Over Spy Efforts,"
New York Times, December 28, 2005.
Congressional Notification & Investigation
Calls for Bush to be Censured Over Spying," New York Times, March
Panel Blocks Eavesdropping Probe," Washington Post,
March 8, 2006.
Senators Say Accord is Set on Wiretapping," New York Times, March
House Briefing Intelligence Committees on NSA Spying," Associated Press,
February 9, 2006
"Senate Panel Rebuffed on Documents on
U.S. Spying," New York Times, February
"Gonzales Is Challenged on Wiretaps,"
Washington Post, February 1, 2006.
Letter from Sen. Russ
Feingold to Attorney General Alberto Gonzales on testimony during
confirmation hearing, January 30, 2006 (pdf)
House Dismissed '02 Surveillance Proposal," Washington Post,
January 26, 2006.
Deeds on Spying Differed: Even as warrentless U.S. eavesdropping was
being conducted, the White House opposed easing rules on the issue in
2002 to avoid public debate." Los Angeles Times,
January 26, 2006.
revealed on his blog on January 24 that the Administration
refused to back a bill proposed by Sen. Mike DeWine (R-OH) in 2002,
which would have eliminated the "probable cause" barrier of FISA.
This is the exact barrier it now claims necessitates
circumvention of FISA.
Surveillance May Have Occurred Before Authorization,"
Washington Post , January 4, 2006.
We Didn't Grant ," December 2005 op-ed by former Senate
Majority Leader Tom Daschle reporting that Senate explicitly denied
president the authority to wage war domestically when passing
resolution cited by Bush as authorization for spying.
October 2001 letter
from Rep. Nancy Pelosi to then-NSA Director Michael V.
Hayden on NSA Activities, with response (declassified, with redactions)
from Sen. Jay Rockefeller to Vice President Cheney
regarding briefing on domestic spying activities in 2003 (pdf)
Seeks to Hide Spy Docs," Wired,
April 12, 2006.
What You Say," The
Nation, March 2, 2006.
from Sen. Russ Feingold and Sen. Ted Kennedy to AT&T, Sprint
Nextel and Verizon, February 9, 2006 (pdf).
Let NSA Spy on Calls," USA
Today, February 5, 2006.
"Lawsuit Targets AT&T Over
Domestic Spying Program," Los Angeles Times,
February 1, 2006.
Suggests Legal Basis for Domestic Eavesdropping," New York Times,
April 7, 2006.
NSA Could've Monitored Lawyers' Calls," Washington Post, March
Denies More Extensive Domestic Spying," Washington Post,
March 3, 2006.
Bush remarks on Illegal NSA spying in
2005 State of the Union speech (with commentary by Tim Grieve of Salon),
February 1, 2006.
Bush's speech to the NSA (transcript), January 25,
Survillance Program (transcript), January 24,
Defends Illegal NSA Program at Kansas State University
(transcript), January 23, 2006.
Michael V. Hayden remarks to the National Press Club
(transcript),, January 23, 2006.
Inquiry Opens into Spying Leak" New York Times,
December 31, 2005.
Surveillance" New York Sun, December 21,
Briefing by Attorney General Alberto Gonzales and General Michael
Hayden, Principal Deputy Director for National Intelligence
(transcript), December 19, 2005.
of State Condoleeza Rice defends spying on Fox News
Bush's Radio Address (transcript), December 17, 2005.
on Secretive Panel Speak Out on Spy Program," New York Times,
March 29, 2006.
"Secret Court's Judges Were Warned About
NSA Spy Data," Washington Post,
February 9, 2006
Reportedly Resigns over US Spy Program," New York
Times, December 21, 2005.
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA): Text
GOP and Administration Objections
Faces Republican Revolt Over Spying," Financial Times,
February 9, 2006.
by Congresswoman Heather Wilson (R-NM) on NSA Electronic Surveillance,
February 8, 2006.
from House Judiciary Committee to Attorney General Alberto Gonzalez,
February 8, 2006 (pdf)
Revolt," Newsweek, February 6, 2006
Deputy Resisted Parts of Spy Program," New York
Times, January 1, 2006.
Court Must Protect Americans from President’s Unchecked Spying, ACLU Argues; January 31, 2007.
ACLU Says Gonzales’ Release of NSA Surveillance Details A First Step, Calls on Congress to Conduct Vigorous Oversight; January 31, 2007.
MCLU Applauds Public Utility's Demand that Verizon Tell the Truth About Cooperation with NSA's Spying Program; January 29, 2007.
ACLU Fights Government Legal Maneuvers to Delay Challenges to Datamining; January 25, 2007.
ACLU Throws Support Behind Shareholder Challenge to AT&T on Illegal NSA Spying; January 17, 2007.
Folding Under Pressure, Bush Administration Concedes Judicial Role Over NSA Spying Program; January 17, 2007.
ACLU Continues Campaign to End Unlawful Government Spying on Americans; January 9, 2007.
ACLU Lauds Justice Watchdog’s Investigation of NSA Program; November 27, 2006.
Constitutional Scholars, Civil Rights Organizations, Bar Associations
and Reporters' Group Support ACLU Challenge to NSA Warrantless
Wiretapping; November 21, 2006.
Bush Wiretapping Program Violates Federal Laws and the Constitution, Says ACLU; November 14, 2006.
MCLU to Court: Keep Maine Lawsuit in Maine; October 27, 2006.
DOJ Threatens to Sue Maine PUC; August 2, 2006.
ACLU of Michigan Says Phone Companies Broke the Law, Urges Public Service Commission to Investigate; July 26, 2006.
ACLU of Illinois Responds to Ruling in Terkel v. AT&T; July 25, 2006.
ACLU Seeks Information on Extent of Bush Administration Spying; July 19, 2006.
ACLU Slams Bush's Block of Justice Department Inquiry on NSA Spying; July 19, 2006.
Government Abusing State Secrets Claim in NSA Case, ACLU Tells Court; July 10, 2006.
Lawmakers Confirm NSA Spying Program; June 30, 2006.
ACLU Urges Court to Reject State Secrets Claim in NSA Case; June 21, 2006.
Judiciary Committee Adopts Request for Illegal NSA Spying Documents;
ACLU Welcomes Unexpected Move, Calls for Thorough Congressional
Oversight; June 21, 2006.
ACLU Urges House to Rein In Illegal NSA Spying Program, Bipartisan Proposal Would Require Administration Respect the Rule of Law; June 20, 2006
Court Hears Arguments on Legality of NSA Spying Program for the First Time Ever; June 12, 2006.
ACLU To FCC: Review of AT&T-BellSouth Merger Must Look At NSA Spying; June 6, 2006.
ACLU Urges Federal Court to End NSA Spying Program; June 6, 2006.
Files Lawsuit in California Court Demanding End to Privacy Violations
by AT&T and Verizon; May 26, 2006.
Launches Nationwide Action Against NSA Snooping on Americans’
Phone Calls; May 24, 2006.
to Complaint Filed in Maine, Verizon Refuses to Deny Participation in
the NSA Spying Program; May 19, 2006.
Urges Congress to Reject Attempts to Legitimize Illegal NSA Activities,
Welcomes Harman-Conyers Bill to Restore the Rule of Law;
May 17, 2006.
Says Specter’s NSA Legislation Would Pardon
President’s Illegal Actions; Group Calls for Inspector
General Investigation; May 16, 2006.
Spying Complaint filed with Maine Public Utility; May 12,
Federal Court to
Block Illegal Spying Program, Citing 'Concrete Harm' to Americans,"
March 9, 2006.
poll commissioned by ACLU shows Americans reject NSA warrantless
surveillance program; February 26, 2006
Introduction: Eavesdropping 101: What
Can the NSA Do?
Introduction: NSA Spying on
Americans is Illegal
The NSA's Surveillance Octopus: map of
likely NSA facilities (jpeg) -- or pdf file (500k)
letter to the Attorney General calling for a special counsel
ACLU legal complaint in lawsuit over NSA
spying (see also this fact
sheet on legal claims)
feature page on NSA spying
Ads: The President Lied to the American People and Broke the Law
Report: "The Surveillance-Industrial Complex"
ACLU Blog on
Surveillance and the Patriot Act
Freedom of Information Act
Requests on NSA Spying:
Key Investigative Pieces
White House Says Spying on Terror Suspects Without Warrants is Okay.
What About Physical Searches?" US News & World Report,
March 27, 2006.
(registration may be required for some sites)
Said to Show NSA Spying Given to Post Reporter in 2004,"
Washington Post, March 3, 2006.
Net Yields Few Suspects," Washington Post,
Agency Data After Sept. 11 Led F.B.I. to Dead Ends,"
New York Times , January 17, 2006.
Say Agency Initiated Growth of Spying Effort," New
York Times , January 4, 2006.
of War: The Secret History of the C.I.A. and the Bush and Administration
by James Risen (Free
Press, January 3, 2006)
Gave Other U.S. Agencies Information From Surveillance," Washington
Post, January 1, 2006
Spying Is Much Wider, Some Suspect," Los Angeles
Times, December 25, 2005.
Agency Mined Vast Data Trove, Officials Report,"
New York Times, December 24, 2005.
Security Agency, News of Surveillance Program Gives Reassurances a
Hollow Ring," New York Times, December
Program Snared US Calls," New York Times,
December 21, 2005.
Lets U.S. Spy on Callers Without Courts," New York
Times, December 16, 2005.
Opinion and Commentary
(registration may be required for some sites)
the Wiretap Debate," New
York Times Editorial, April 6, 2006.
Al Gore, "Restoring
the Rule of Law," speech delivered in Washington DC, January
16, 2006 (text and video).
Warning," Washington Post columns by
national security expert William W. Arkin
Miner, Spy: Why the NSA's snooping is unprecedented in scale and scope,"
by Shane Harris and Tim Naftali, Slate, January
Controversy, Redux," column by Ruth Marcus. Washington
Post, January 2, 2006.
NSA's Overt Problem," Washington Post, January
Agency That Could Be Big Brother," by reporter James Bamford,
author of two books on the NSA, New York Times,
December 25, 2005.
Much for Protecting Constitution," Geoffrey Stone, University
of Chicago Law Professor analyzes NSA spy program in the historical
context of domestic spying in wartime. Chicago Tribune, December
President is Above the Law" Speech by Sen. Robert Byrd,
December 19, 2005.
Fog of False Choices," New York Times editorial,
December 20, 2005.
Former Reagan Administration official Bruce Fein calls Bush's spying
program "a clear and present danger to the rule of law." Washington
Times, December 20, 2005.
in and Naming Names: The old tricks of the NSA,"
Slate, December 20, 2005.
Sam is Listening," by security technology expert Bruce
Schneier, author of "Beyond Fear: Thinking Sensibly About Security in
an Uncertain World," Salon, December 20, 2005.
Call May be Monitored," New York Times editorial,
December 18, 2005.
on Americans," Washington Post editorial,
December 18, 2005.